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Current solar activity, sunspot index and sunspot numbers, Observation of sunspots and solar activity forecast, prediction of the solar activity. Sunspots in the northern hemisphere and sunspots of the southern hemisphere. sunspot numbers since 1700, daily sunspot numbers since 1818. solar activity diagram, sun cycle diagrams, strong sun cycle, weak sun cycle. historical solar activity, old solar activity, new definition of solar activity. Galileo Galilei and Wolf. forecast of the next sun cycle, forecast of the next solar cycle, comparing the sun cycles. 22 year Hale cycle, 11 year Schwabe cycle, magnetic polarity, 2300 - 2400 years Hallstatt cycle, 55 years Yoshimura, 85 years Gleißberg cycle, 180 - 210 years Seuss cycle, 180 - 210 years de-Vries cycle, 1470 years cycle of Bond- and Dansgaard-Oeschger events, intensity of the solar wind, solar activity of suns backside. Maunder Minimum, Dalton Minimum, Modern Maximum, Oort Minimum, Mittelalterliches Maximum, Wolf Minimum, Spoerer Minimum. Flares and aurora, space weather, Observatory, solar telescope, SDO, Satellites, brightness of the sun, geomagnetical storms. The Zeeman Effect describes the solar magnetic field as the driver of the sunspots. Royal Observatory of Belgium by the World Data Center.

Historical solar activity

The following diagram shows the 10Be concentration in the perpetual ice compared with the solar activity since 1600. The synchronal trend is clearly. While the solar activity increases the concentration of beryllium decreases (displayed inverted).


Proxy für die Sonnenaktivität


The next diagram shows a long-term view over the last 11,400 years (source: Nature Vol. 431, 28-10-2004, modified). The current solar activity is the highest of the last 9,000 years.


Proxy für die Sonnenaktivität